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清涧呼延震西《漫忆清涧起义》编者按:当前,在举国上下高举习近平新时代中国特色社会主义思想伟大旗帜、实现中华民族伟大复兴中国梦的征程中,为了铭记红色历史,繁荣红色文化,不忘初心使命,弘扬革命精神,县政协高度重视、精心策划、反复研究,编辑出版《

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西漫|清涧呼延震西《漫忆清涧起义》

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清涧呼延震西《漫忆清涧起义》

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╞⻗编者按:

当前,在举国上下高举习近平新时代中国特色社会主义思想伟大旗帜、实现中华民族伟大复兴中国梦的征程中,为了铭记红色历史,繁荣红色文化,不忘初心使命,弘扬革命精神,县政协高度重视、精心策划、反复研究,编辑出版《红色清涧》专辑(清涧文史资料第十辑)一书。“文明清涧”公众号开辟“红色清涧”栏目,专题登载相关内容,为建党100周年献礼。今天推出《漫忆清涧起义И》。

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漫忆清涧起义

呼延震西

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╙清涧起义指挥部旧址

↘一九二七年公历十月十二日(农历九月十七日),中国共产党人领导的清涧起义,沉重地打击了骑在陕北人民头上作威作福的土皇帝井岳秀。

㈘起义至今已五十多年了,但起义的壮烈情景却历历在目,先烈们的音容笑貌时常萦绕心头。每忆及亡故的战友,心情总是久久不能平静。

⺋▥

    &nbыsp;   起义部队的来历

长期盘踞陕北的军阀井岳秀部下有个营长,名叫石谦,号益斋,因腿有残疾,故人叫石拐子。石打仗颇勇敢,但他不是蒲城人,因而在乡土观念极其浓厚的井岳秀眼里,远不及其同乡高双成为重;由于石本人出身贫困,因此在一定程度上同情革命。

石谦早年任连长时,部下有个班长叫李象九,是石的同乡(陕西省白水县人),具有革命思想,一九二三年曾去北京与李子洲、呼延震东(我的三哥)等共进社成员接触。石因自己没有文化,很喜欢读书人,因此在他升任团长之后,于一九二四年九月间批准李象九任第一营第三连连长。但这只是空名,实际上连一个班的兵员也没有。在这之前,我从杨虎城办的榆林军中讲习所毕业,被分配到石部九连(李贵荣连)当见习。李象九建连时把我要去任一排长。接着石谦从谢子长的安定县(今子长县)保安团拨来一个班(班长是雷恩),自此搭起了连队的架子。部队驻在瓦窑堡。随着兵员的不断补充,至一九二四年底士兵已达九十多人。这时我的好友史唯然,于榆林中学毕业后回安定,经我向李象九推荐叫到连里给士兵教字、上操。由于连里的士兵大多有点文化,而且经常上课学习,出操训练,所以外界称为学生连,这是以后李象九部队的根底,是清涧起义的一支主力。另一支主力是谢子长带领的第十二连。第十二连是李象九向石谦推荐将谢子长带的安定县保安团改编的。一九二五年初石向井岳秀上报,委任谢为连长,委任状下来后,石让我由绥德到安定交给谢子长的。

三╟连从一九二四年秋组建到一九二五年夏一直驻在瓦窑堡。党多次从绥德派人来给部队讲话,宣传革命思想。记得一九二四年秋天,杨明轩还从绥德师范来讲了一次话。刘天章还从北京给李象九以寄书为名,夹寄过手枪一支。在绥德驻扎期间我与绥德师范的共产党员经常接触,受到了较多的革命思想的影响,后经白乐亭(明善)介绍入党。

⊙一九二五年春谢子长连组建后不久。石谦奉命去攻打驻澄县的镇嵩军,将该连带走。石谦打澄县回来后仍驻延安,谢子长连又回到瓦窑堡,我连由瓦窑堡开往宜川。此时史唯然早已是党员了,以后他担任了我连的支部书记。当时虽处革命高潮期间,但党组织还处于地下活动。

我连在宜川城驻了不久,石谦带团部开来,我连移驻集义镇,直到一九二六年冬。我部在此驻扎期间,党组织还不断从绥德派人来工作。阎揆要从黄埔军官学校毕业来到部队,先在我连住了十几天,之后由李象九带他去宜川见石谦。

一九二六年十二月,全团奉命出动去韩城攻打镇嵩军,攻下韩城后,阎揆要离开部队到西安去了,全团仍返宜川一带驻扎。

刂        清涧集结活动

一九二六年冬冯玉祥来陕,解西安之围,改编了陕西的军队。石谦所部的番号改为国民革命军第二集团军第六旅(按冯玉祥的编制,旅下不设团),石自此成了旅长,共辖三个营,计十三个步兵连、一个骑兵连。李象九任一营长,辖谢子长、白雨山、韩起胜、雷进财四个连,当时我担任营部副官。

部队在清涧驻扎期间,革命气氛十分浓厚。除每天上操训练、上课识字外,还演新剧,“打倒列强,除军阀……”的歌声四起,伙食民主管理,官兵一致,一扫旧军的恶习。同时党还在农村组织农会;学校的学生也戴起了红领﹎带,部队还派出党员给学生上课。这年四月,李大钊被军阀张作霖杀害的消息传来后,群情激愤,党组织及时领导部队在清涧城里举行了示威游行,高呼“打倒张作霖!”路过教堂时砸了基督教会的牌子。不久,武汉政府也叛变革命,大革命转入低潮,魏野畴从西安来到清涧住了一周,李象九、史唯然和我凑了一百元给他作路费,转往安抚杨虎城、高桂滋部队去了。入夏后,唐澍由西安来到清涧,以李象九朋友的名义在部队住下。

 

  

唐澍是黄埔军校一期学生,组织和军事才能俱佳,且善于讲话,很有鼓动性,为活动方便,常着一身便衣。其对步兵操练十分熟悉,运用自如,经常带队伍训练。来队伍不久就在干部和士兵中树立了很高的威信,对大家情绪影响很大。

♉︺

╠☣        清涧起义爆发

井岳秀盘踞陕北,实行封建统治,石谦自幼跟随他,因作战骁勇,故而一直升为团长。共产党人在石部长期活动,石是睁只眼闭只眼的,同时在党的影响下,能多少懂得一些革命道理。在攻韩城后,石召集士兵讲话时说:“井大人哄了我几十年,现在我才灵醒了。”公开表示了对井岳秀个人崇拜的动摇。这话传到井的耳朵里,对石非常恼怒,加之察觉石部有共产党活动,井渐对石起剪除之心。

♠一九二七年八月,井岳秀过生日,石谦去榆林拜寿,井利用这个机会下了毒手,派人把石打死在榆林城里石的住处。农历八月十六日,石的灵柩抵清涧,我营全体官兵列队持枪,在距城五里地的岔口迎护入城。在城隍庙,李象九、谢子长带领排以上军官,为其举行祭奠仪式。

 

李象九

石谦死后,井岳秀立即委康子祥接任旅长(康是石的营长,是打澄县时收编的),并派左协中前来安抚部队。此时部队内人心浮动,石的旧部队以旅长被杀而心寒,蓄有怒气,党组织加紧活动,积极团结他们。在八一南昌起义西漫的影响下,党组织以石被杀为契机,因势利导,随即决定发动起义,打出“为老旅长报仇”这一较有号召力的口号。经周密筹划后,于公历С十月十二日(农历九月十七日)在清涧正式举行了武装起义。

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谢子长

べ丬起义的核心是唐澍、谢子长和李象九,当然,当时李在全旅的号召力大,故以他为首出面,但一切安排部署均出自唐澍同志。从宣布起义之前,于公历十月八日(农历九月十三日起所有进入清涧的牲口、驮骡均不准出城,其余一切照旧,不露声色。公历十月十一日(农历九月十六日)下午四点钟封了大商号的银柜,六点半钟派出部队实行戒严,割断电话线,打开大商号的烟土库,全部没收。旋将国民党县长和绅士叫到营部楼上,由李象て九讲话,声言借用钱物,不加伤害。

起义部队纪律严明,对老百姓秋毫无犯。起义的前一天,白乐亭等带了十几个学生由乡下秘密赶来参加。由于组织计划严密,因此未遇到任何意外即告胜利成功。但对于下步的行动却有些分歧。一种意见是向延安去打高双成;另一种意见是先要肃清内部,应向宜川进发。最后按唐澍的意见打向宜川。遂派吴锡吕先行出发给宜川的李瑞成连、王振娃连(均系石的护兵)通知,以为内应,我们则加紧做出发的准备。一夜间收拾起二百驮辎重,天色微明即按计划整队,一个营部四个连人马浩浩荡荡开出清涧城,向延川进发了,刚出城又派一班人沿途破坏了延安通榆林的电话线。

十月十二日(农历九月Ý十七日)下午四时许抵延川,与王有才连会合,次日向延长前进,走了一天在老庄河宿营。晚上派一个排巡逻,在走延安的大道圪家岔,截获高双成的四十驮大烟土。第三天下午到达距延长还有五里路的烟雾沟前,分成两路,一路由谢子长带队伍进城,另一路由我带辎重顺沟前进。延长驻扎的是齐梅卿营,极不可靠。谢子长进城后将齐捉住,让他讲话使其部交城,齐无奈只得照办。齐讲话后一个连交了城,另一连抗拒,从山寨上逃走了,延长即顺利解决。

延长解决后继续向目的地宜川进发,行程两天。第一天经云岩,第二天下午宜川已经在望了。行进到距城五里的塬上时,已隐约听见城里有枪声,估计是李瑞成、王振娃他们在接到我们起义的信后向康子祥动手了。我们即急行军向城里赶去,离城二里地时已看见有人坠城逃跑。当我们的队伍进城后,康子祥已带着他原来的两连人顺凤翅山逃往延安方向去了。至此我们与旅部及李瑞成、王振娃(骑兵连)两个连会合了。这时起义部队的力量共达九百余人,长短枪一千零二十余支,辎重弹药近三百驮,实力相当雄厚。

在宜川住定后,李象九接任旅长,着手对部队进行整顿。任命原旅部参谋孟澄斋为参谋长,唐澍为参谋,谢子长、韩起胜、李瑞成为营长,史唯然为书记官,我为旅部副官。阎红彦仍跟李象九在旅部当警卫,雷恩均在谢营任排长。当时部队的番号未改,军事部署为:李瑞成、王有才带两个连驻防虎头山,韩起胜、赵万德率两个连驻守凤翅山,白雨山(润泽)第三连守卫城里的七郎山,谢子长带营部住在城里。对于下一步的行动,唐澍主张把主力部队放在离城三十里的交里镇,此地具有重要的军事价值,是敌军来犯的必经之路,进可攻,退可守,守不住时沿大南川撤进黄龙山,相机行事。参谋长孟澄斋无军事常识,拿不出主意,李象九当时又犹豫不定,于是形成坐守孤城、被动挨打的局面。唐澍因意见分歧,离开宜川经韩城回西安去了。

这时井岳秀令其心腹高双成加紧军事部署,妄图扼杀这支起义部队。其调集了两三千人,在第七天上午一部由北扑来,另一部队迂回到大南山,截断我军退路。我军先在城外凤翅山打响了战斗,韩起胜抵抗不到二十分钟就失了阵地,退到城里七郎山。全军开始准备撤退,进行突围。天黑时经过激烈战斗打下郭家岭,夺得了退路。这时虎头山已失守,李瑞成、王有才只身逃回。部队连夜撤退,天亮时到达与韩城交界的孙家沟门休息。这时雷进财连的党员排长雷恩均向谢子长报告,雷进财要拉走他那一连投敌,谢即转报李象九,随即及时作了布置,将雷进财抓起来处决了。

        尾声

进入韩城地界后,高双成就不再尾追,两天后到距韩城县三十里地的司庄,这时部队只剩下石、李的基本部队三百多人,主要是谢子长营,辎重驮骡丢失殆尽。

韩城是杨虎城体系王保民的地盘,因王与李象九系同乡,又与石谦相好,故仍维持李旅的名义,还派人来部队点名发了棉军衣,给了旅部五百元。到韩城一周后,唐澍从西安来到部队,这时参谋长孟澄斋已不管事了,部队事务仍由唐澍主持,照常给士兵出操讲话。

 白明善

✔到韩城后不久白乐亭离开部队往西安找组织去了。他带来的学生因无枪,又不在编制里,遂陆续走散了。白后来转回清涧从事地下活动,一九三一年被人出卖被捕,备受酷刑,押解到榆林被井岳秀绞杀。

起义部队前后在韩城住了一月,不仅无所发展,处境更加困难。此种形势下,谢子长、唐澍、阎揆要便带领余部由西庄打回宜川。部队摸黑上了七郎山,天色微明时探得守敌甚众,遂撤出往保安、安塞方向进发。士兵沿途↕走散,谢子长、唐澍、阎揆要等只得化装转往西安去了,其他干部转入地下。史唯然因眼近视,从宜川城上跌下摔昏,醒后转回韩城。李象九未返宜川,带着阎红彦等到了山西的绛州。

一场轰轰烈烈的武装暴动,在敌强我弱的情况下失败了。但它却有力地动摇了井岳秀反动统治的基础,鼓舞和唤醒了受苦受难的劳苦群众,点燃了陕北高原武装斗争的烈火。记得½从清涧出发前,白乐亭写了一首歌词,大意是:“陕北有个害人贼,名叫井岳秀,怂杨衮(井的团长),杀名流(刘含初),罪属莫须有。……先打高双成,活捉井岳秀,志愿不遂,目的不至,誓死不回头!”在行军途中,大家引吭高歌,奋勇前进,起义者的英雄气概长久地传诵在陕北革命群众之中。

(来源:文明清涧)

Huyan Zhenxi, Qingjian, Recalling the Qingjian Uprising Editors note: At present, in the journey of realizing the Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation by holding high the great banner of Xi Jinping’s new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics throughout the country, in order to remember the red history and prosper red Culture, do not forget the original mission, promote the revolutionary spirit, the county CPPCC attaches great importance to, meticulously planned, repeated research, edited and published the Red Qingjian album (the tenth series of Qingjian literature and historical materials). The Civilized Qingjian public account opened a Red Qingjian column, and published relevant content on the topic, as a gift for the 100th anniversary of the founding of the party. Today, Man Recalling the Qingjian Uprising was launched. Ximanman recalls the Qingjian Uprising, Hu Yanzhen, Xiqingjian Uprising Headquarters Site, October 12th in the Gregorian calendar of 1927 (September 17th in the lunar calendar), the Qingjian Uprising led by the Chinese Communists hit Qizhong hard. The emperor Jing Yuexiu, who was a domineering blessing on the people of northern Shaanxi. It has been more than 50 years since the uprising, but the heroic scenes of the uprising are vivid, and the voices and smiles of the martyrs often haunt their hearts. Every time a comrade-in-arms who recalled his death, the mood is always uneasy for a long time. u0026nbsp; u0026nbsp; u0026nbsp; u0026nbsp; The origin of the uprising troops has long been entrenched in northern Shaanxi. There is a battalion commander named Shi Qian, named Yizhai, under the commander of the warlord Jing Yuexiu. Because of his leg deformity, he was called Shiguaizi. Shi was brave in fighting, but he was not from Pucheng, so in the eyes of Jing Yuexiu, who has a strong local concept, he is far less important than his fellow villagers. Shi himself was born in poverty, so he sympathized with the revolution to a certain extent. When Shi Qian was the company commander in his early years, there was a squad leader named Li Xiangjiu. He was from Shi’s fellow township (from Baishui County, Shaanxi Province). He had revolutionary ideas. He went to Beijing in 1923 to meet with Li Zizhou and Huyan Zhendong (my three Brother) and other members of the Gongjin Society contacted. Because Shi had no culture and liked scholars, he approved Li Xiangjiu as the third company commander of the first battalion in September 1924 after he was promoted to regiment commander. But this is just an empty name, in fact there are no soldiers in a squad. Prior to this, I graduated from the Yulin Army Middle School run by Yang Hucheng, and was assigned to Shibu Jiu Company (Li Guirong Company) as a trainee. Li Xiangjiu asked me to go to any platoon leader when he built a company. Then Shi Qian assigned a squad (the squad leader is Lei Enjun) from the security regiment of Xie Zichangs Anding County (now Zichang County), and since then set up the companys airs. The troops are stationed in Wayaobao. With the continuous recruitment of soldiers, there were more than 90 soldiers by the end of 1924. At this time, my good friend Shi Weiran returned to Anding after graduating from Yulin Middle School. After my recommendation to Li Xiangjiu, he asked Li Xiangjiu to teach Chinese characters and exercises to the soldiers. Since most of the soldiers in the company are a bit cultural and often go to class to study and perform exercises, they are called the student company. This is the foundation of the Li Xiangjiu army in the future and a main force of the Qingjian Uprising. The other main force is the 12th company led by Xie Zichang. The twelfth company was adapted by Li Xiangjiu to Shi Qians recommendation to the Anding County Security Corps brought by Xie Zichang. In early 1925, Shi reported to Jing Yuexiu and appointed Xie as the company commander. After the commission was issued, Shi asked me to pass from Suide to Anding to Xie Zichang. Sanlian has been stationed in Wayaobao from its establishment in the autumn of 1924 to the summer of 1925. The party has sent people from Suide to speak to the troops on many occasions to propagate revolutionary ideas. I remember that in the autumn of 1924, Yang Mingxuan also spoke from Suide Normal University. Liu Tianzhang also sent a pistol to Li Xiangjiu from Beijing under the name of sending a book. During my stay in Suide, I had frequent contact with the Communist Party members of Suide Normal University, and I was influenced by more revolutionary ideas. Later, I was introduced to the party by Baileting (Mingshan). Shortly after the formation of Xie Zichang Company in the spring of 1925. Shi Qian was ordered to attack the Zhen Song Army stationed in Cheng County and take the company away. After Shi Qian came back from Dacheng County, he was still stationed in Yanan. Xie Zichang Lian returned to Wayaobao, and my company drove from Wayaobao to Yichuan. At this time, Shi Weiran was already a party member, and later he served as the branch secretary of our company. Although it was at the height of the revolution, the party organization was still in underground activities. Soon after my company was stationed in Yichuan City, Shi Qian led the regiment department and I even moved to Jiyi Town until the winter of 1926. While our ministry was stationed here, the party organization continued to send people from Suide to work. Yan Kui was about to graduate from the Huangpu Military Academy and came to the army. He stayed with me for more than ten days, and then Li Xiangjiu took him to Yichuan to see Shi Qian. In December 1926, the whole regiment was ordered to go to Hancheng to attack the Zhensong army. After taking Hancheng, Yan Kui left the army and went to Xian. The whole regiment still returned to Yichuan and stationed. u0026nbsp; u0026nbsp; u0026nbsp; u0026nbsp; Qingjian assembly activity Feng Yuxiang came to Shaanxi in the winter of 1926 to break the siege of Xian and reorganize the Shaanxi army. Shi Qian’s designation was changed to the 6th Brigade of the Second Group Army of the National Revolutionary Army (according to Feng Yuxiang’s organization, there is no regiment under the brigade). Shi has since become the brigade commander, with a total of three battalions under the jurisdiction of thirteen infantry companies. , A cavalry company. Li Xiangjiu was the battalion commander, under the jurisdiction of Xie Zichang, Bai Yushan, Han Qisheng, and Lei Jincai. At that time, I served as the battalion deputy. During the troops stationed in Qingjian, the revolutionary atmosphere was very strong. In addition to daily exercise training and literacy in class, he also performed a new drama, Down with the great powers, except for the warlords... singing was everywhere, food was democratically managed, officers and soldiers were uniform, and the old armys vices were wiped out. At the same time, the party is still organizing peasant associations in rural areas; school students also wear red ties, and the army also sends party members to teach the students. In April of this year, after the news that Li Dazhao was killed by the warlord Zhang Zuolin came out, the sentiment was infuriated, and the party organization promptly led the troops to hold a demonstration in Qingjian City, chanting Down with Zhang Zuolin! When passing by the church, the sign of the Christian Church was smashed. . Soon, the Wuhan government also rebelled against the revolution, and the revolution turned into a low ebb. Wei Yechou came to Qingjian from Xian to live in Qingjian for a week. Li Xiangjiu, Shi Weiran and I collected 100 yuan for his travel expenses and transferred to comfort Yang Hucheng and Gao Guizis troops. After the summer, Tang Shu came to Qingjian from Xian and stayed in the army in the name of Li Xiangjius friend. u0026nbsp;Tangu0026nbsp;u0026nbsp;Shu Tang Shu is a first-stage student of the Whampoa Military Academy. He has excellent organizational and military talents, is good at speaking, and is very agitating. For the convenience of activities, he often wears plain clothes. He is very familiar with infantry training, can use it freely, and often leads team training. Soon after he came to the team, he established a high prestige among the cadres and soldiers, which had a great influence on everyones emotions. u0026nbsp; u0026nbsp;u0026nbsp; u0026nbsp; u0026nbsp;Qingjian Uprising broke out, Jing Yuexiu entrenched northern Shaanxi, under the feudal rule, Shi Qian followed him since he was a child, because of bravery in combat, so he has been promoted to regiment commander. The communists have been active in Shibu for a long time. Shi has his eyes closed. At the same time, under the influence of the party, he can understand some revolutionary principles to some extent. After the attack on Hancheng, Shi summoned the soldiers to speak and said, Master Jing coaxed me for decades, and now I am awake. He publicly expressed his wave of cult of Jing Yuexius personality. When this word reached Jings ears, he was very angry with Shi, and when he noticed that Shibu had communist activities, Jing gradually cut his heart on Shibu. In August 1927, Jing Yuexius birthday, Shi Qian went to Yulin to pay a birthday, Jing took advantage of this opportunity to kill him and sent someone to kill the stone in the residence of the stone in Yulin City. On the 16th of the lunar calendar, the coffin of Shi arrived in Qingjian, and all officers and soldiers of our battalion lined up with guns to greet and protect the city at a fork in the city five miles away. At the Chenghuang Temple, Li Xiangjiu and Xie Zichang led the officers above the platoon to hold a memorial ceremony for them. u0026nbsp;After Li Xiangjiu Shiqian died, Jing Yuexiu immediately appointed Kang Zixiang to take over as the brigade commander (Kang Shishi’s battalion commander was incorporated in Dacheng County), and sent the Left Association Middle School to comfort the troops. At this time, the hearts of the people in the army were floating. Shis old army was chilled and angry because the brigade commander was killed. The party organization stepped up its activities to actively unite them. Under the influence of the August 1 Nanchang Uprising in Ximan, the party organization took the killing of Shi as an opportunity to make good use of the situation, and immediately decided to launch the uprising, slogan revenge the old brigade commander, which is a more appealing slogan. After careful planning, an armed uprising was officially held in Qingjian on the 12th day of October in the Gregorian calendar (the 17th day of the ninth month in the lunar calendar). u0026nbsp;The core of Xie Zichangs uprising were Tang Shu, Xie Zichang and Li Xiangjiu. Of course, Li had a great appeal in the whole brigade at that time, so he was the first to come forward, but all arrangements were made by Comrade Tang Shu. Before the announcement of the uprising, from October 8th of the Gregorian calendar (September 13th of the lunar calendar), all livestock and mules that entered Qingjian were not allowed to leave the city. At four oclock in the afternoon on the 11th day of the Gregorian calendar (September 16th of the lunar calendar), the silver cabinets of the major business were sealed, and troops were sent to enforce martial law at 6:30, the telephone lines were cut off, and the tobacco storage of the major business was opened, and all were confiscated. He then called the Kuomintang county magistrate and gentleman upstairs to the camp, and Li Xiangjiu made a speech, claiming that he would borrow money and things without hurting him. The uprising troops were strictly disciplined and did not commit any crimes against the common people. The day before the uprising, Baileting and others brought more than a dozen students from the countryside to participate in secret. Due to the strict organization plan, it succeeded without encountering any accidents. But there are some differences on the next action. One opinion is to go to Yanan to achieve high double success; another opinion is to clean up the inside first, and go to Yichuan. Finally hit Yichuan according to Tang Shus opinion. Then Wu Xilu was dispatched to inform Li Ruichenglian and Wang Zhenwalian (both guards of Shishi) in Yichuan to set off in advance, and in order to respond internally, we stepped up preparations for the dispatch. Packed up two hundred packs overnight, and the team formed as planned at twilight. A battalion with four companies drove out of Qingjian City and headed for Yanchuan. Just after leaving the city, another group of people was sent to destroy Yanan along the way. The telephone line through Yulin. On October 12th (September 17th of the lunar calendar), we arrived in Yanchuan at 4 oclock in the afternoon and met with Wang Youcai Lian. The next day, we went to Yanchang, and spent a day camping in Laozhuanghe. In the evening, a platoon was sent to patrol to intercept Gao Shuangchengs forty packs of smoke while walking along the Dadao Gejiacha in Yanan. In the afternoon of the third day, we arrived in front of the Yangou Ditch, which is still five miles away from Yanchang, and divided into two roads. It was Qi Meiqing Camp that extended the station, which was extremely unreliable. After Xie Zichang entered the city, he captured Qi and asked him to speak to make him hand him over to the city, but Qi had no choice but to do so. After Qis speech, one by one handed over the city, the other one resisted and escaped from the cottage, and the extension was resolved smoothly. After the extension is resolved, continue to the destination Yichuan for two days. After passing Yunyan on the first day, Yichuan was already watching in the afternoon of the second day. When we reached the plateau five miles away from the city, we had vaguely heard gunshots in the city. It is estimated that Li Ruicheng, Wang Zhenwa and the others acted on Kang Zixiang after receiving the letter of our uprising. We marched hurriedly towards the city, and when we were two miles away from the city, we saw someone crashing and fleeing. When our team entered the city, Kang Zixiang took his two companies and fled to Yanan along Fengchi Mountain. So far we have joined the brigade, Li Ruicheng and Wang Zhenwa (cavalry company). At this time, the strength of the uprising troops amounted to more than 900 people, more than 1,020 long and short guns, and nearly 300 heavy ammunition. The strength was quite strong. After staying in Yichuan, Li Xiangjiu took over as the brigade commander and began to rectify the troops. The former brigade staff member Meng Chengzhai was appointed as the chief of staff, Tang Shu was the staff member, Xie Zichang, Han Qisheng, and Li Rui became the battalion commanders, Shi Weiran was the clerk, and I was the brigade deputy. Yan Hongyan and Li Xiangjiu are still guards at the brigade headquarters, and Renn is serving as platoon leader in Xieying. At that time, the designation of the troops remained unchanged. The military deployment was: Li Ruicheng and Wang Youcai led two companies to garrison Hutou Mountain, Han Qisheng and Zhao Wande led two companies to garrison Fengchi Mountain, and Baiyu Mountain (Runze) third company to guard Qilang Mountain in the city. Xie Zichang led the camp to live in the city. For the next step, Tang Shu advocated placing the main force in Jiaoli Town, 30 miles away from the city. This place has important military value and is the only way for the enemy to attack. When he couldnt hold back, he retreated into Huanglong Mountain along the Dananchuan, and acted on the camera. Chief of Staff Meng Chengzhai had no military knowledge and could not come up with an idea. Li Xiangjiu was hesitant at the time, so he was sitting in a lonely city and was passively beaten. Due to differences of opinion, Tang Shu left Yichuan and went back to Xian via Hancheng. At this time, Jing Yuexiu made his confidant to step up military deployment in an attempt to stifle this uprising force. It mobilized two to three thousand people. On the morning of the seventh day, one of them attacked from the north, and the other troop detoured back to Danan Mountain to cut off our armys retreat. Our army first fought at Fengchi Mountain outside the city. Han Qisheng lost his position within 20 minutes of resisting and retreated to Qilang Mountain in the city. The whole army began to prepare to retreat and break through. After a fierce battle when it was dark, Guojialing was defeated and won a retreat. At this time Hutou Mountain had fallen, Li Ruicheng and Wang Youcai fled back alone. The troops retreated overnight and arrived at Sunjiagou Gate at the junction of Hancheng to rest at dawn. At this time, Lei Jincais party leader, Rein, reported to Xie Zichang that Lei Jincai wanted to take away his opponents. Xie immediately reported to Li Xiangjiu. He immediately made arrangements and arrested Lei Jincai for execution. u0026nbsp; u0026nbsp; u0026nbsp; u0026nbsp; After entering the Hancheng boundary at the end, Gao Shuangcheng no longer chased after it. Two days later, he arrived at Sizhuang, which is 30 miles away from Hancheng County. At this time, only the basic troops of Shi and Li were left. Hundreds of people, mainly Xie Zi Changying, lost all of the mules. Hancheng was the site of Wang Baomin of the Yanghucheng system. Because the king and Li Xiang were in the same hometown of the nine families and had a good relationship with Shi Qian, he still maintained the name of the Li brigade. He also sent people to the troops to name and distribute cotton uniforms and gave the brigade 500 yuan. A week after arriving in Hancheng, Tang Shu came to the army from Xian. At this time, Chief of Staff Meng Chengzhai was no longer involved, and Tang Shu was still presiding over the affairs of the army, and he gave a speech to the soldiers as usual. u0026nbsp;Shortly after Bai Mingshan arrived in Hancheng, Baileting left the army and went to Xian to find an organization. The students he brought were scattered because they had no guns and were not in the establishment. Bai later returned to Qingjian to engage in underground activities. In 1931, he was betrayed and arrested. He was tortured and escorted to Yulin where he was strangled by Jing Yuexiu. The uprising troops lived in Hancheng for a month before and after. Not only did they have nothing to develop, they were in a more difficult situation. Under this situation, Xie Zichang, Tang Shu, and Yan Cui led the rest to fight back to Yichuan from Xizhuang. The troops went up to Qilang Mountain in the dark, and when the sky was twilight, they could detect many defenders, and then withdrew to the security and Ansai direction. The soldiers scattered along the way. Xie Zichang, Tang Shu, and Yan Kui had to disguise and transfer to Xian, while the other cadres went underground. Shi Weiran fell from Yichuan City and fell unconscious due to nearsightedness, and turned back to Hancheng after waking up. Before returning to Yichuan, Li Xiangjiu took Yan Hongyan to Jiangzhou, Shanxi. A vigorous armed riot failed when the enemy was strong and we were weak. However, it has effectively shaken the foundation of Jing Yuexius reactionary rule, inspired and awakened the suffering and suffering masses, and ignited the fire of armed struggle on the plateau of northern Shaanxi. I remember that before starting from Qingjian, Baileting wrote the lyrics to the effect: There is a murderer in northern Shaanxi, named Jing Yuexiu, who persuaded Yang Dagon (the head of the well) and killed the celebrity (Liu Hanchu). No need to have....First of all, we must fight for Gao Shuangcheng, capture Jing Yuexiu alive, fail to volunteer, aim for nothing, and swear to die! During the march, everyone chanted and marched forward courageously. The heroic spirit of the insurgents has long been passed down among the revolutionary masses in northern Shaanxi . (Source: Qingjian Civilization)
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行业: 综合
地区: 北京市
时间:2021-03-28
标签:720weixin

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